The End of Food

I recently read a book that was equal parts informative, interesting, terrifying and disgusting. The book I’m talking about is Paul Roberts’ “The End of Food.” This book is not for the faint of heart and it will definitely make you rethink a lot of the things you see in the grocery store. The more I read, the less happy I am with our current state of food.

Have you read the latest controversy on the “pink-slime“? We simply do not know what is in our food. We just don’t. We go to the grocery store and think we’re being healthy and mindful by buying a bunch of fresh vegetables but in reality, those veggies could be GMOs and we might not even realize it. I mean, do they put a sticker on that zucchini that says “GMO”? I don’t know.

Sometimes it feels like we are trapped in a sci-fi horror movie.

Here are just a few quotes and a few of my thoughts on the book. It’s really worth a read if you’re interested in knowing what you’re putting in your body. The book scared me, but it informed me too. I hope there is a better, healthier way to eat foods.

“Fat and muscle are more calorie dense than plants are and thus offer more energy per mouthful. Animal foods are also easier to digest, so their calories can be extracted faster. In all, meat provided more calories, and thus more energy, that could then be used for hunting, fighting, territorial defense, and certainly mating. Meat was also a more reliable food source; by shifting to meat, prehistoric man could migrate from Africa to Europe, where colder winters and lack of year-round edible vegetation would have made an herbivorous diet impossible. [pg 6]”

“Because animal and human tissues have the same sixteen amino acids (whereas most plant-based proteins contain just eight), animal converts readily into human: meat is the ideal building block for meat. That’s why bodybuilders eat a lot of meat; it also helps explain why, as our ancestors ate more animal foods, their bodies grew larger. [pg 6]”


Reading about the evolution of the human race was fascinating and I had a lot of “ah ha” moments. It made so much sense once I understood the connection of the brilliance of the body and the way our ancestors used to live. The body was designed for “scarcity”–for going long periods of time without food while the hunters and gatherers hunted the massive beasts. The body is built to hold onto fat and weight because back then, it literally depended on it.

That has changed so much with our current lifestyle. We aren’t starving–food isn’t scarce at all. Hungry? Go to 7-11 and grab a candy bar. Food temptations are everywhere around us–fast food commercials, convenience foods, everything…there is no scarcity anymore and our bodies haven’t caught up to that. They still hold on to that fat that we AREN’T burning off for fuel as we hunt the massive beasts!

“As more and more of us move away from producing our own food, we’ve become less and less certain about its safety, its quality or its taste. [pg 43]”

“Our scientifically bred produce grows so quickly that it contains measurably fewer micro-nutrients. Our processed foods are often packed with large quantities of salt, fat and sweeteners, not to mention hundreds of chemical additives, some of which, such as the preservative sodium benzoate and yellow food coloring, are definitively linked to medical problems, such as hyperactivity. [pg 83]”


The chapters about how food is manufactured and meat is processed would turn anyone against eating meat! I was a vegetarian for nearly 12 years and part of the reason was because of the animal cruelty issues surrounding it. Even though I eat meat now, I struggle with the moral part of it. It may not be an answer, but I try to just disconnect that “this used to be an animal.” It was hard to read about the chicken farms, but the information about the Avian Flu that began with some chicken farms were definitely enlightening.

“‘Today’s average home-maker isn’t cooking a meal for five people anymore, she’s cooking five different meals.’ And “meal” may be an overly generous term; according to one recent U.S. study, sandwiches are now the most commonly served dinner entrees, ahead of beef and chicken dishes. [pg 43] “

The chapter on the end of meals was incredibly sad to me. As a kid, my family ate every dinner together at the table–without any television watching. While as an angsty teen I hated it, I am grateful that my parents enforced that tradition. It’s a tradition I would like to continue with my kids. I think it’s important to unplug the electronics and enjoy each other’s company over a meal.

“Food companies are in fact anticipating the end of meals as we know them, as a growing number of consumers skip more and more sit-down meals altogether….the average American already misses breakfast every third day and is beginning to skip a large number of lunches and dinners….this trend is extraordinarily bad news for consumer health….because as consumers eat fewer regular meals, they’re compensating by eating more of another even more lucrative food category: snacks. [pg 44]”


But how many of us sit in front of the TV while we eat our dinners microwaved? That was me for a long time. It’s something I don’t want to teach my kids! Real food that does not come out of a box and good conversation over a table of healthy meals, that’s what I want.

“…the compound diacetyl became ‘butter’ for many consumers of microwave popcorn–that is, before it was taken off the market in mid-2007 as a possible cause of lung disease. [pg 47]”

As a general rule, when I buy processed foods I try to look at the ingredients list and buy things with the fewest ingredients as possible. It’s a challenge, for sure, but I like to think I’m making a difference by buying something with ingredients I can pronounce.

“He showed how HFCS was used in everything from soda and ketchup to candy and bread. He offered research suggesting that HFCS inhibits the body’s ability to know when it is full. High-fructose corn syrup ‘is the crack of sweeteners, you get addicted and you want more.’ [pg 82]”

The chapter on sugar and HFCS was my favorite, obviously. I’ve struggled with sugar for years. It’s something that I wish I had more willpower to resist. It’s something I hate that I love. Have you ever looked at some of the labels in your pantry? You would be shocked at just how many items contain High Fructose Corn Syrup. It’s even in mouthwash! YUCK!

The book was fascinating, frightening and disheartening. What I didn’t like about the book was that it didn’t provide any alternatives, or ideas on how to STOP the end of food. There was no light at the end of the tunnel in this book.

QUESTION: Have you read this book? What were your thoughts? How do you feel about this topic?

It’s Making You Hungrier

In my journey to understand more about food science and the body I’ve discovered that there are certain foods that almost always make me hungrier when I eat them. This baffled me because food is supposed to satiate. So what is wrong?

The biggest culprit for me was bananas. As a runner I was eating bananas a lot. I’ve always loved bananas and as a runner I ate them to prevent muscle cramps. I also discovered that I would crash really hard when I ate them. I had no idea WHY I’d be ravenous after eating a banana until sometime told me it was the sugar. Huh. Interesting.

So what’s the story?


Sugar makes people hungrier–period. My doctor’s been telling me for years that sugar should be limited as much as possible. It’s something I struggle with. I want to cut out sugar from my diet but it’s hard.

Diet soda has recently been in the news as being worse for dieters. ” ‘Artificial sweeteners could have the effect of triggering appetite but unlike regular sugars they don’t deliver something that will squelch the appetite,’ said Sharon Fowler, obesity researcher at UT Health Science Center at San Diego.”

For people trying to make better choices by choosing diet, it’s frustrating to hear that diet soda could be worse than regular soda. I suppose the answer is to just cut out soda, right? I’ve found that I really enjoy sparkling water a lot. It gives me that “soda” feeling without chemicals and sugar.

High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) has been in the news lately too. According to most things I’ve read it’s basically the scourge of the world–making everyone fat. According to scientists, HFCS does weird things to the body. It interferes with your normal metabolism and makes it hard to stop eating! A sad fact: it seems that most processed foods contain HFCS too. Is it impossible to avoid? I don’t know.


My go-to snacks were often carb-based. I ate a lot of bread, crackers, cookies, etc. If I was hungry, my first stop was for something with carbs. I realized that I was eating a LOT of calories for something that wasn’t going to stay in my stomach and keep me full for long. White sugar and flour have no fiber or nutrients in them and it causes a huge crash for most people.

I also find that if I don’t eat bread for awhile, I stop craving it. I don’t miss it. But as soon as I start eating bread again my body craves it.

Chewing Gum

Chewing gum stimulates the gastric juices and produces saliva. The body thinks there’s food about to enter the stomach so it makes you feel hungry. All this time I’ve been chewing gum to distract me from mindless snacking may have been detrimental in my struggle with snacking. Who knew?

No Roughage

I ate a lot of frozen dinners (Smart Ones, Lean Cuisines) when I was trying to lose 100 pounds because it was easy and portion controlled. Well apparently frozen meals aren’t that great for you (duh, I realized that pretty early on but still ate them) for a lot of reasons. They are high in sodium and don’t really have much fiber in them. Fiber is so important in a balanced diet (especially when trying to lose weight) because it fills you up.

For example, the one reason the Slow Carb Diet was successful for Michael (losing over 20 pounds) was because of the insane amount of beans we were eating. Beans are packed with fiber and fill you up.

Eating Real Food

As you can see, making your food choices is way more important than you think. When I go to eat a snack, or make a meal, I often ask myself now if it will fill me up. Are the calories worth it? If I’m going to eat this meal for 500 calories, will I be satisfied? Or hungry an hour later?

QUESTION: Do you find that certain foods you eat make you hungrier? Do you still eat them?